The English Premier League is one of the most prestigious football leagues in the world. Six clubs, known as the "Big Six", dominate English football: Manchester United, Manchester City, Liverpool, Tottenham Hotspur, Chelsea, and Arsenal. These clubs have a combined net worth of over billion, and their success on the field is matched only by their financial power off it.
Four American-Owned Clubs
Four of the "Big Six" clubs have American ownership: Manchester United, Liverpool, Arsenal, and Crystal Palace. Manchester United, the richest club in the Premier League, is owned by the Glazer family, who also own the NFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Liverpool, the reigning Premier League champions, is owned by the Fenway Sports Group, which also owns the Boston Red Sox. Arsenal, the third-richest club in the Premier League, is owned by Stan Kroenke, who also owns the Los Angeles Rams. Crystal Palace, a midtable club, is owned by Joshua Harris and David Blitzer, who also own the NBA's Philadelphia 76ers and the NHL's New Jersey Devils.
One British-Owned Club
Tottenham Hotspur is the only "Big Six" club with British ownership. The club is owned by Joe Lewis, a British businessman and investor who has a net worth of over $4 billion. Lewis made his fortune in currency trading and owns several other companies, including Tavistock Group, which he founded in 1975. Tottenham Hotspur's new stadium, which opened in 2019, is one of the most expensive in the world, costing over $1 billion to build.
The Rise of Manchester City
Manchester City, the second-richest club in the Premier League, is owned by Abu Dhabi United Group, a sovereign wealth fund owned by the ruling family of Abu Dhabi. Since the takeover in 2008, Manchester City has gone from midtable obscurity to one of the most dominant teams in Europe. The club has won four Premier League titles, two FA Cups, and five League Cups, and reached the final of the Champions League for the first time in their history in 2021.
Chelsea under Roman Abramovich
Chelsea, the fourth-richest club in the Premier League, is owned by Roman Abramovich, a Russian-Israeli businessman and politician. Abramovich bought the club in 2003 and has since invested hundreds of millions of pounds in player transfers and stadium improvements. The club has won five Premier League titles, one Champions League, and five FA Cups under Abramovich's ownership.
The dominance of the "Big Six" in English football shows no signs of ending any time soon. With their massive financial resources and global fanbases, these clubs will continue to attract the best talent from around the world and compete for domestic and European honours. Whether owned by British or American billionaires or sovereign wealth funds from the Middle East, these clubs are among the most valuable sporting franchises in the world and provide entertainment for millions of fans across the globe.